ETL and Data Warehouse Testing

Posted By : Anjali Pandey | 31-Jul-2020


What Is ETL Testing :




ETL stands for Extract, Transform, Load. It refers to the three different steps in a series of events that allow the addition of new data into data warehouses in bulk. These warehouses can be vulnerable to data additions, so a carefully structured process is important.


While ETL testing is about preparing data for a warehouse, data warehouse testing covers a wide range of steps. The ETL test ensures that there are no bugs entering the data warehouse - validating the data that is transferred. Data warehouse testing involves several development stages throughout the data warehouse.


It includes a reporting step, data checking for corruption, security testing, backup recovery testing, scheduling software, and performance queries. Executing the ETL process loads the data into a warehouse where you can easily view and work with it.

Data warehouse testing is a process of checking this data and making sure it is compliant, and performing as expected.


The test here evaluates data completeness (ensuring that all data was loaded), and data accuracy (ensuring that upload was accurate). To that end, the examiner will understand if the data is correct, that it has moved correctly, and is in a safe working state.




Testing Process


Data warehouse testing is a process that consists of four basic steps. These steps are necessary for complete accuracy and security of the loaded data. Here are the four different stages of testing.




Test Planning


This step varies depending on the specific needs of the business and the situation at hand. However, the common idea behind it is to understand data needs and consider risks, mitigation, and dependency.




Test Design


This is where design mapping and SQL scripts are introduced. While designing the test, the tester will look at all available scenarios and queries from the input used.







It is that part of the process where you perform all jobs and tasks to get results. This includes the ETL process, SQL scripting, testing for faults and regression, and logging these. Here, it is necessary to ensure that the software meets all exit criteria.




Test Closure


The test closure is where you end the test and give a summary. This step is about signing the completed work and ensuring that all results meet the requirements.




ETL and Data Warehousing Challenges : 


Data quality problems are common in many organizations. When performing data warehousing, it is necessary to execute the tests properly to avoid inaccuracy and bad data. Having quality issues with stored data can cause various other problems. There are some challenges that you may face during ETL and data warehousing.




Conclusion : 


When large amounts of data are transferred to a warehouse, there can be many potential risks. This is where a fully ETL process and testing phase is required. Accurate data is essential for the correct operation of any business, and efficient testing is the only way to ensure this result.

We an ERP development Company with an objective of automating business processes for enterprises of all sizes and industries. We use an exhaustive technology stack for development services that are budgeted as well as efficient. Our services include SaaS for warehouse management, inventory and logistics, SCM, WFMS, CRM, HRM, eCommerce, Finance, and Accounting software. Get in touch with us to learn more about use of ETL and data warehouse testing in SCM and WMS. 



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