Types of Waits In Selenium

Posted By : Pooja Kumari | 30-Sep-2022

About Selenium

Waits in Selenium are one of the crucial portions of code that executes a test case. It runs on certain commands known as scripts that make a web page load via it. Selenium waits make the pages less lively and dependable. It affords numerous types of wait options good enough and appropriates below favorable conditions. This ensures you do not mess up and get the end into failed scripts even as automation checks out with it.

Selenium web driver Waits-

Implicit Wait

Explicit Wait

Implicit Wait In Selenium

Implicit waits are used to give a default waiting time (let 30 seconds) between each consecutive test step/command across the entire test script.

The Implicit Wait in Selenium is used to tell the web driver to look forward to a sure quantity of time earlier than it throws a “No Such element Exception”. The default setting is 0. once we set the time, the web driver will look ahead to the element for that point before throwing an exception.

To claim implicit wait in Selenium WebDriver:

Implicit Wait syntax:

driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(TimeOut, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

Explicit Wait In Selenium

Explicit waits are used to halt the execution till the time a specific circumstance is met or the most time has elapsed. Unlike Implicit waits, explicit waits are carried out for a specific example most effectively.

The explicit Wait in Selenium is used to tell the web driver to wait for certain situations (expected conditions) or most times exceeded earlier than throwing an “ElementNotVisibleException” exception. It is a shrewd kind of wait, but it may be applied best for specific elements. It offers higher options than implicit wait because it waits for dynamically loaded Ajax elements.

Once we claim explicit wait we must use “ExpectedConditions” or we are able to configure how regularly we want to check the situation using Fluent Wait. in recent times even as enforcing we're using Thread.Sleep() commonly is not recommended for useIn the below instance, we are developing a reference watch for “WebDriverWait” magnificence and instantiating the use of the “WebDriver” reference, and we are giving a time frame of 20 seconds.

express Wait syntax:

WebDriverWait wait = new WebDriverWait(WebDriverRefrence,TimeOut);

Fluent Wait in Selenium

The Fluent Wait in Selenium is used to outline most of the time for the web driving force to look forward to a condition, in addition to the frequency with which we need to check the circumstance before throwing an “ElementNotVisibleException” exception. It examines the web element at ordinary durations until the item is located or timeout takes place.

Conclusion

Implicit, explicit, and fluent waits are the one-of-a-kind waits used in Selenium. Usage of those waits is definitely based totally on the elements which might be loaded at exclusive durations of time. It's continually not recommended to apply Thread.Sleep() while trying out our application or building our framework.

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