An Introduction To Linux and Ubuntu

Posted By : Akash Nagar | 28-Feb-2023



What Is Linux Ubuntu?

One of the most well-liked and widely utilised operating systems in the world is Linux. Almost everything runs on Linux, including supercomputers, home appliances, internet servers, phones, and tablets. Since its creation in the 1990s, Linux has been in use. It served as a free and open-source replacement for the prior industry-dominating UNIX operating system. Yet as Linux became widely accessible, UNIX's popularity waned because it was not free or open-source.

Distributions of Linux

There are various "flavours" of Linux. Distributions are the name given to these many versions of Linux (distros for short. Each distribution includes the Linux Kernel and a package management system out of the box. A database of the packages installed on the system is kept up to date by package managers. To avoid discrepancies and missing dependencies, they maintain a record of the version number, hashes, and dependencies associated with the installed software.

Currently, there are hundreds of Linux distributions, each serving a particular user base. Among the most well-liked distributions are:

  • Linux Red Hat
  • Debian
  • SUSE Linux Fedora Kali Linux Arch Linux

Today, we'll examine Ubuntu, the most popular Linux distribution out there.

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Ubuntu is a Debian-based distribution that is frequently regarded as the finest if you are fresh to the Linux operating system. Ubuntu is widely used on desktop and mobile computers, as well as on networks all over the internet. Ubuntu's use of GNOME, a graphical user interface and suite of apps that are reminiscent of the Windows operating system, sticks out as a distinctive feature. Canonical, a group of coders who release new versions every six months and long-term maintenance every two years, maintains Ubuntu.

Ubuntu comes preloaded with a wide range of programmes, including LibreOffice, Firefox, Mail, and Transmission, as well as a few straightforward games. Using the APT package, additional apps can be loaded. Ubuntu is a Linux distribution that is open-source and free. It is a cloud computing operating system that supports Open Stack. The Canonical Group has incorporated Ubuntu, and it is open source. The Ubuntu financing is also the responsibility of Canonical Ltd.

Every six months, Ubuntu is released. Additionally, each publishing includes free assistance for nine months, and LTS is released every two years. In October 2004, Ubuntu was first published. Core Version, Server Edition, and Desktop Edition are the three Ubuntu variants.

It is made for PCs, cellphones, and network servers. The system is implemented by Canonical Ltd., a company headquartered in the UK. Every guiding concept used in the creation of the Ubuntu software is founded on those of open-source software development.

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What Are the Differences Between Ubuntu and Linux?

The Linux kernel, the heart of an operating system, serves as the foundation for the Linux operating system family. It makes it possible for hardware and programme components to communicate.

Based on Unix, Linux is constructed around the Linux kernel. It was made accessible in 1991 and works with PCs, laptops, embedded devices, web servers, and gaming platforms. It is available in numerous variations known as variants.

Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux distribution. It is appropriate for internet of things (IoT) gadgets, servers, PCs, and cloud processing. The primary distinction between Ubuntu and Linux is that the latter is a Linux version, whereas Linux is a series of operating systems built on Unix.


Although there are many Linux versions accessible online, Ubuntu is the most well-known. It is an operating system that is open-source and gratis.

Here are six explanations for Ubuntu's enduring appeal:

  • User-friendliness: Ubuntu has a straightforward, clear UI.
  • Robust security: Ubuntu uses AppArmor and other cutting-edge security tools to guard against intrusions.
  • More software choices - You can run a tonne of programmes with Ubuntu, many of which are made specifically for the operating system.
  • A strict data privacy policy is upheld by Ubuntu, and users can adjust private options as they see fit.
  • Lightweight performance: Less than 1 GB of Memory is used by the Ubuntu UI by default. As a result, the operating system is compatible with low-end products.
  • Ubuntu is a cost-free open-source Linux version.